Document Type : Original Article
M.Sc. Student, Department of Healthcare Services Management, School of Health Management & Information Sciences Iran University of Medical Sciences.
Assistant Professor of Healthcare Services Management, School of Department of Healthcare Services Management, School of Health Management & Information Sciences Iran University of Medical Sciences.
Assistant Professor of Health Policy Department of Healthcare Services Management, School of Health Management & Information Sciences Iran University of Medical Sciences.
M.S.c Graduate of Health Service Management, School of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.
Medical errors are among the major common challenges s that can lead to serious injuries. This study aimed to investigate the effect of active learning from medication errors on their incidence/reporting in nursing.
Materials and Methods:
This interventional and quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2020 in six departments with internal patients. The participants included 93 nurses divided into two control and intervention groups. The nurses’ knowledge was assessed through drug safety management tests, and the active learning of errors was performed on the intervention group. The results and statistics of medication errors were analyzed using the SPSS software version 16 through the two-sample Wilcoxon test.
Changes in the medication error rate reported show a significant difference in the intervention group, while this difference does not exist in the control group (significance level = 0.589). Also, this trend was observed in the post-test and pre-test results. This rate improved in the intervention group in the post-test by 6.86%. Also, the ratio of reported medication errors increased to 60.8%.
Nurses are one of the most important elements of health services. Therefore, nurses’ continuous education and active participation in learning from errors can be critical in knowledge and awareness, medication error reports, and error rate reduction. Also, focusing on teaching the concepts of medical error, drug classification, and how to manage them can significantly impact this regard.