Comparing Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders and Related Transdiagnostic Factors in Cancer Patients and Healthy Individuals

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad Uniuersity, Neyshabur, Iran

2 MSc in Clinical Psychology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Ibn Sina Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22038/psj.2021.57539.1324

Abstract

Introduction:
This study aimed to compare symptoms of anxiety disorders and related transdiagnostic factors in cancer patients and healthy individuals.
Materials and Methods: 
In this causal-comparative study, 30 patients with cancer and 30 healthy individuals were selected by the convenience sampling method. The groups were matched in demographic characteristics with each other. The participates completed the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (2006), Severity Measure for Panic Disorder-Adult (2013), Social Phobia Inventory (2000), Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (2008), Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (1994), Metacognition Questionnaire (2004), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (2011), and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (2006). Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 24), using a one-way analysis of variance. The significance level was 0.05.
Results: 
The results showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in symptoms of generalized anxiety (GAD) and panic disorders (PD) (P<0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in symptoms of a social anxiety disorder (P>0.05). In addition, there was a significant difference between the two groups in all transdiagnostic factors (P<0.05).
Conclusion: 
Individuals with cancer were reported more symptoms of GAD and PD and related transdiagnostic factors than those in the control group.

Keywords