Comparison of valerian extract and diazepam on anxiety before orthopedic surgery

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Anesthesiology Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

2 Anesthesiology Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran

3 Health Department, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction: anxiety has a negative effect on healing and tissue repair and spending too much mental and physical energy during prolonged stress can cause hospitalization and delay in discharge of patients. One method of reducing anxiety is the use of medicinal plants that in this study the effects of valerian root on the anxiety was examined. The aim of this study was to Comparison of valerian extract and diazepam on anxiety before orthopedic surgery
Materials and Methods: In this double blind clinical trial study, 60 patients 15-60 years old referred to Imam Ali (AS) hospital of Bojnoord were selected as available and were also randomly divided into two groups of 30 individuals. At 21 pm before surgery, group 1 received 10 drops of valerian edible oil and group 2 received diazepam (5 mg) mixed in 50 ml of tap water. The Spielberger questionnaire was used to assess anxiety before intervention and one hour before initiation of surgery was recorded. Data was analyzed using statistical tests . The level of significance was measured 0/05 in this study.
Results: In this study, in the valerian group there were 83.8% male and 16.7%% female while diazepam group included 23.3% male and 76.7 females. The Difference score of overt and covert anxiety in valerian group was 10.1±1.0 and 12.4±1.3 and in the diazepam group was 9.3±1.1 and 10.7±.03. Comparison of two groups showed no significant difference .
Conclusion: Valerian has a good anti-anxiety and can be a substitute for chemical medicines after enough studies

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